Working with multiple GCP configurations & Kubernetes clusters
The Google Cloud Platform provides a CLI to perform many common platform tasks. It is a part of the Google Cloud SDK. The CLI releases have the same version as the SDK. This post will talk about some of the common commands that will help you manage your way around with the Google Cloud Platform, especially if you have multiple accounts to work with.
Show gcloud information
To display the path of the active configuration along with information about the current gcloud environment, run:
View version and check if updates are available.
$ gcloud version Google Cloud SDK 240.0.0 beta 2019.02.22 bq 2.0.42 core 2019.03.22 gsutil 4.37 kubectl 2019.03.22 pubsub-emulator 2018.02.02 Updates are available for some Cloud SDK components. To install them, please run: $ gcloud components update
To update your gcloud components use the following:
$ gcloud components update
What is a Configuration?
A configuration is like your profile and you can have as many as you like. By default, there is a configuration called default. If you use multiple Google accounts it makes sense to create different profiles as per your need.
View all Configurations
List all configurations to get the name of the configuration you want to switch to. The configuration that is active will be listed as
IS_ACTIVE column when you say:
$ gcloud config configurations list
Create a new Configuration
You may want to create a new configuration for every project. This way, you can easily work with and switch to various Google components and Kubernetes clusters as per your requirement.
$ gcloud config configurations create <YOUR_CONFIGURATION_NAME>
Initialize a configuration
To configure your Cloud, start by initializing
gcloud, like so...
$ gcloud init
It will open a browser for you and ask you to login. Login with the account you like. If you have projects created in your account, it will list all the projects. You may choose to create a new Project too. Follow the prompts and you should be good.
If you have multiple Google accounts, you can run
gcloud init again and choose to create a new configuration. Just ensure that you login with your other Google account and follow the prompts.
Activate configuration you need
$ gcloud config configurations activate <NAME>
Delete configuration you don't need using:
$ gcloud config configurations delete <NAME>
$ gcloud projects list
List configuration details
To view current configuration details you may simply type:
$ gcloud config list
Working with multiple Kubernetes clusters
If you have multiple Google accounts and Kubernetes clusters, you might want to change your configuration and expect that Kubectl would automatically detect those changes. Unfortunately, it doesn't (from what I know). So, how can you quickly change the context so that you can work with different Kubernetes clusters from the command line? Here is a super simple way...
Step 1 > Activate your configuration and list the clusters
I am assuming that you have already created different configurations with different projects. If not, simply create configurations as discussed above and do a
gcloud init. Initialize each configuration with an appropriate project.
$ gcloud config configurations list NAME IS_ACTIVE ACCOUNT PROJECT DEFAULT_ZONE DEFAULT_REGION project1 True email@example.com project1-1010101 project2 False firstname.lastname@example.org project2-2020220 project3 False email@example.com project3-3939393
In this case, project1 is active. You can now activate any other project based on their friendly configuration name.
$ gcloud config configurations activate <CONFIG_NAME>
Step 2 > List & Get credentials for the cluster
List all clusters:
$ gcloud container clusters list
Get the credential of the cluster you want to work with:
$ gcloud container clusters get-credentials --zone <ZONE_NAME> <CLUSTER_NAME>
That's about it... now, fire your
kubectl commands and it will be oblige!